Investigation of Biological Properties of Two Pine Cone Molasses: A New Food Source from Turkey


  • Erkan Öner Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Adıyaman, Adıyaman, 02000, Türkiye
  • İlter Demirhan Biomedical Device Technology Programme,Vocational School of Health Services, University of Harran, 63000, Sanlıurfa, Türkiye


Antioxidant Activity, Antibacterial Activity, Pine Cone Molasses, Brix values


The study, aimed to determine the biological activities of molasses, in which the cones of pine species are used as raw material. The antioxidant activity (radical scavenging power) of two homemade natural molasses obtained from different regions was determined by DPPH and ABTS methods. Ethanol was preferred as a solvent in antioxidant measurements. Antimicrobial measurements of cone molasses samples were made according to the disc diffusion method. Gram (-) bacteria were used in the study. Three different extracts of molasses samples, chloroform ethanol, and methanol, were prepared for antimicrobial measurements. Cefadroxil (CFR 30) was administered as a comparative antibiotic. It was observed that the cone molasses samples had an antimicrobial effect. It was observed that the antibacterial effect changed in different extracts. High efficiency was obtained in the results of DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activity determinations for cone molasses whose Brix values were measured. Today, free radicals play a role in the formation of many diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and diabetes. The increase in the incidence of diseases leads people to seek new antioxidant sources. With this research for the first time, people will understand that pine cone molasses is a nutrient with antioxidant and antibacterial activity.


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Biological Science