Comparative Anatomical Studies on Saponaria glutinosa M. Bieb. and Saponaria prostrata Willd. subsp. prostrata (Caryophyllaceae) Endemic to Turkey

ilkay Öztürk Çalı, Arzu Cansaran

Abstract


Some Saponaria species are naturally grown in Turkey. Anatomical, palynological and micromorphological investigations on some Saponaria species were carried out by researchers. However, there are very few anatomical studies on Saponaria species. In this study, the anatomical structures of S. glutinosa and S. prostrata subsp. prostrata were searched to provide more information for future systematic works. S. prostrata subsp. prostrata is endemic species to Turkey. S. glutinosa and S. prostrata subsp. prostrata were collected during the flowering period and natural population. Stem, leaf and corolla samples of these plants were fixed in 70% ethyl alcohol to determine the min. and max.values of width-length measurements. The paraffin method using microtomes was applied for the cross sections of stem and leaf. Safranin O and fast green was used for dying. Besides, sartur reagent was applied to the sections for investigation of some anatomical tissues. Stomatal index in adaxial and abaxial surfaces of leaves was also calculated. A superficial-sections from adaxial and abaxial surfaces of leaves were taken to determine stoma types. The anatomical characteristics of stem in S. glutinosa was similar to ones of stem in S. prostrata subsp. prostrata. Druse crystals were seen in stems and leaves of both species. The leaf of S. glutinosa is bifacial whereas S. prostrata subsp. prostrata has ekvifacial leaf type. Diasitic type stoma was also seen in both spesies. Besides, stoma was seen on both adaxial and abaxial surfaces of leaf in S. glutinosa and in S. prostrata subsp. prostrata. The values of stoma index in adaxial and abaxial surfaces of leaf are higher in S. prostrata subsp. prostrata than S. glutinosa.


Keywords


Anatomy; endemic; Saponaria glutinosa; Saponaria prostrata subsp. prostrata

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