Impact of Nutrition Course on Lifestyle Behaviors of Students from Different Departments of the Faculty of Health Sciences in Turkey

Ayşe Güneş Bayır, Duygu Güçlü, Merve Güney, Zeynep Hüdanur Alban

Abstract


The time for high education can effect on unhealthy behaviors of students’ lifelong. Nutrition courses should be provided during this period, which is one of the most important point in promoting healthy eating habits and exercise behaviors. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of nutrition courses on the students from different departments of the Faculty of Health Sciences, in Istanbul, Turkey. A survey was conducted by asking eating and physical activity habits including socio-demographic data, and national and international nutrition assessment tests (the 24-h dietary recall and Food Consumption and Food Frequency Questionnaire). Body Mass Index, waist circumference and body fat ratios were calculated using bio-electrical impedance device. Overall, 500 (62.5%) participants were divided into 3 groups: Group 1 (n= 242) who took nutrition course for 1 semester, Group 2 (n = 72) who took this course for 2 semesters, and the control group (n= 186) who did not take the nutrition principles course. Students from control group reported unhealthy and less healthy snacks, whereas a total of 75% in Groups 1 and 2 consume healthy snacks (p<0.05). The results revealed that healthy cooking methods were preferred by the control group (p<0.001).  Additionally, total fat intake and saturated fat consumption in control group was less than in other groups (p<0.05 and p<0.001). Providing adequate nutrition courses to next generation of health care professionals will help them make better lifestyle choices for their future health status.


Keywords


High education; Nutritional behaviors; Physical activity behaviors; Nutrition principles course; Eating habits; Health sciences

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References


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